The scarab beetle has been a symbolic motif in Egyptian jewellery for hundreds of years. The scarab is an emblem of regeneration and rebirth, thus scarab jewellery was thought to convey safety, luck and vitality to the wearer. Egyptian troopers got scarabs earlier than going into battle. Ladies got scarabs for fertility. Scarab beads and designs had been generally usual into bracelets, pendants and rings.
Scarab jewellery was comprised of a variety of stones and supplies. Archeologists have discovered examples of scarab beads and artifacts comprised of clay, soapstone, inexperienced basalt, glass, bone, treasured metals, wooden, semi-precious gems and plenty of different sorts of stone. The colours of scarabs had been symbolic so plain stone was typically glazed or enameled in shiny colours. The most typical colours present in enameled scarab jewellery had been inexperienced (symbolizing new life), blue (for the sky and the River Nile), and pink (for the solar). Along with enamels, brightly colored semi-precious gems had been utilized in scarab jewellery making together with lapis lazuli, amethyst, carnelian, agate, jasper, onyx and turquoise. At present, scarab jewellery continues to be comprised of gems, enameled supplies, and treasured metals.
The symbolism in scarab jewellery derives primarily from its affiliation with the Egyptian god of the rising solar, Khepri. One sort of scarab, the “Sacred Scarab” or dung beetle, lays its eggs in a ball of dung which it rolls alongside the bottom and eventually right into a gap the place the eggs hatch and new beetles emerge from. This scarab was seen because the earthly illustration of Khepri in that it was believed that this god rolled the solar throughout the sky every day, thus renewing life. The scarab can also be related to astrology and should have preceded the crab because the image we all know as Most cancers.
Scarabs had been additionally utilized in historical Egypt for cover within the afterlife. Giant “coronary heart scarabs” with hieroglyphic inscriptions on the underside, had been positioned throughout the chest of the deceased within the tomb. They had been additionally discovered instead of the guts in mummified our bodies. These coronary heart scarabs had been believed to guard the useless within the last judgment. Essentially the most well-known of those was a chest or “pectoral” scarab present in Thebes within the tomb of King Tutankhamen. At present, coronary heart scarabs are valued for decorative functions, and plenty of nonetheless bear hieroglyphs and symbolic carvings on the underside.
Since Egyptian historical past and artwork are nonetheless studied immediately, the fascination with the scarab continues. Scarab jewellery and decor are nonetheless made in Egypt and by craftsmen all over the world.